Toul Sleng(S-21) Community Re-Envisioning Project

Category

Urban Planning
Architecture
Graphic Design

Software

Sketchup
AutoCad
Adobe Photoshop
Adobe Illustrator
Chaos Enscape

Synopsis

This Project is designed for Second Cambodia Urban and Housing Forum under theme “Smart, Green, Resilient and Inclusive Cities” in 2024. Competing on topic “Toul Sleng Community Re-envisioning” and Winning 1st place over 30 teams.

Please understand that some of our diagrams display in Khmer text as it is a necessity to compete in local competition. we will work on translating it in the future.

PHNOM PENH URBAN ISSUES

Despite the rapid population growth in the city, there is still a need to expand its regions, especially the Phnom Penh city that needs to be studied in order to find out how it can be developed substantially.

Document

SITE IMPRESSION

As the Toul Sleng Genocide museum is already registered to the UNESCO Memory of the World and is currently being considered for inclusion in the UNESCO Intangible Heritage, we chose this area for study in order to re-envision this region as an international and national tourist attraction by enhancing historical sites and creating facilities to assist tourists in the future.

Site Connection

Existing Road

Traffic Analysis

SITE ISSUES

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The residences within the neighborhood are situated in close proximity to each other, with vibrant and diverse architectural exterior designs. The positioning of their front yards lacks uniformity and alignment.

Lacks of Greenery trees and park in the neighborhood 

There is a shortage of designated parking spaces for tourist buses as well as for residents in the area.

 Front yard areas are being utilized as personal business areas or parking spots that often spill over onto the pavement. Additionally, the signage in these areas is chaotic in terms of sizes, colors, and heights.

CONCEPT OF SUPER BLOCK

A super block consists of several small blocks within a neighborhood that prioritize the quality of life, address traffic problems by promoting walking, and view roads as spaces for both vehicles and community use. This idea aims to enhance communication and social interaction among residents.

TRAFFIC POLICY

  • Reduce the transportation by vehicles in the area
  • Limit vehicles’ speed to just 10km/h
  • Forbid large trucks and buses in the area

Block

SUPER BLOCK

Mega Block

WHY SUPER BLOCK?

  • Reduce the noise pollution in the area
  • Reduce pollutions from the vehicles
  • Strengthen the living quality and safety for the pedestrian and cyclist especially.

First Phase

Second Phase

Final Phase

CONCEPT DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

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THE SURROUNDING STREET

In order to redesign road 113, a key for the Toul Sleng Genocide Museum, it is essential to gather a variety of ideas aimed at enhancing the road’s appeal while also contributing to the preservation of the community’s identity. One approach involves the installation of red paving slabs to help reduce vehicle speed. Additionally, new public amenities and street decorations will be introduced in compliance with signage policies, waste management, and land use policies within the neighborhood. Furthermore, roads 320 and 350 beside the Toul Sleng Genocide Museum will be converted into one-way streets, featuring designated parking areas for both three-wheeled motorized taxis and residents’ vehicles.

MEMORIAL STREET FEATURES

The reason for selecting the color merlot red as the primary color is to honor the victims of the tragic events of genocide that occurred under the Khmer Rouge Regime and to praise in the current peaceful establishment. In our design, this particular shade of red represents a sense of comfort, security, and steadiness, adding a fresh and distinctive focal point that we aim to highlight for our visitors. Additionally, it serves as a visual cue for individuals exploring the region which is a super-block sector.

SPECIAL OCCASIONS

Every year, as a tradition, the Toul Sleng Genocide Museum celebration four major holidays including the 7th January Victorious Day, the Khmer New Year Days in April, the Day of Remembrance on 20th May, and Pchum Ben Days which involve Buddhist ceremonies and rituals. These events are typically hosted within the museum’s premises, so our design aims to accommodate these activities externally to allow nearby residents and tourists to also participate in the celebrations.

THE BUS STATION AND DROP OFF POINT

We made the decision to convert the roads stretching from road 360 to road 310 into one-way streets. As part of this decision, we also made plans to establish designated drop-off and pick-up points for vehicles authorized to use these roads. This will help prevent vehicles from parking on the street, which is a major contributing factor to traffic congestion in the area.

THE BUS STATION AND DROP OFF POINT

 We made the decision to convert the roads stretching from road 360 to road 310 into one-way streets. As part of this decision, we also made plans to establish designated drop-off and pick-up points for vehicles authorized to use these roads. This will help prevent vehicles from parking on the street, which is a major contributing factor to traffic congestion in the area.

NEW TOUL SLENG ADMINSTRATION CENTRE

 After conducting research on the site, it was discovered that the office located at the center of the Toul Sleng Genocide Museum was previously a torture chamber and interrogation room run by Khmer Rouge officials during the tragic regime. However, due to limited workspace, it was transformed into a head office. As a result, our design suggested a new approach to renovate an abandoned building on road 113, located just in front of the main entrance, into a new administrative office that would offer improved services to both local and international visitors.

THE NEW ALLEY WAY

 The primary goal of redesigning and rethinking the alley in Toul Sleng area is to enhance communication among both local residents and tourists. Additionally, by introducing new activities such as improving daily life for residents, supporting local businesses, and providing a playground for children, the alley can become a new attraction for tourism in the region.

NEW COMMUNITY SPACE

 Community spaces have become a crucial aspect of Phnom Penh city both now and in the future. These spaces can serve various purposes such as hosting community events, providing areas for relaxation, serving as playgrounds for children, offering public toilet facilities, or any purposes meeting the needs of the community.

SIGNAGE POICY

  •  Toul Sleng Region is a significant historical site in Phnom Penh City. Therefore, any construction or business activities in the area must adhere to regulations and undergo inspections by the government to prevent any mistakes that could diminish the value of the historical sites and the appeal to the community.

    commercial establishments:
  • Businesses need to adhere to policies that prohibit excessive noise and strong odors.
  • Signs must comply with regulations regarding height, size, and color to enhance the appeal of the community.
  • Ensuring that the business is structured and environmentally conscious.

    General Houses:
  • The guidelines for constructing any building, particularly regarding colors and architectural design, must be adhered to in order to maintain or enhance the attraction of Toul Sleng Community.

CONCLUSION

After researching the omitted characteristics and solving the problems, the creation of a new concept is essential for re-imagining the Toul Sleng area through the preservation and safeguarding of the historic site, which plays a significant role in the city’s identity. In order for this project to be successful as intended, it requires the participation of government agencies responsible for urban development and residents residing in the areas under study. We are confident that this project proposal will transform the Toul Sleng area into a prominent tourist destination and a model community characterized by friendly inhabitants, as well as promote walking as a means of transportation, preserve the area’s identity, and improve public infrastructure to foster equality between tourists and local residents.